Application Areas

of (functional) electrical stimulation

Functional electrical stimulation (FES)
for infantile cerebral palsy

STIWELL® | functional electrical stimulation (FES) for cerebral palsy
EMG-triggered multi-channel electrical stimulation enables the targeted training of child motion sequences. It can be used for muscle weakness, movement disorders, and spasticity, among other things.

Therapy goals

  • Increased independence when performing activities suitable for children
  • (Re)learning everyday activities
  • Functional improvement of upper/lower limbs (arms/legs) & the torso
  • Improved gait
  • Reducing excessive muscle tension (spasticity)
  • Improved sensory functions and kinaesthetic perception
  • Increased muscle strength
  • Improved active & passive mobility
  • Improved bladder and bowel control
  • Improved quality of life of the child and family


Areas of application

Patients with:

  • Infantile cerebral palsy after early childhood brain damage with diplegia, hemiparesis, hemiplegia, tetraparesis
  • brain haemorrhage
  • traumatic brain injury
  • spina bifida
  • complementary botulinum toxin therapy
STIWELL® therapy | hand to mouth (cerebral palsy, ICP)

Hand to mouth

STIWELL therapy | arm extension / support (cerebral palsy, ICP)

Arm extension/support

STIWELL therapy | stand up bilateral (cerebral palsy, ICP)

Stand up bilateral

STIWELL therapy | grasp, lift above shoulder level (cerebral palsy, ICP)

Grasp, lift above shoulder level (EMG)

STIWELL therapy | spherical grasp (cerebral palsy, ICP)

Spherical grasp

STIWELL therapy | coordination training leg (cerebral palsy, ICP)

Coordination training - leg (EMG)

Supports the training of movements suitable for children

The measurement of muscle activity using EMG (electromyography) enables the child to start movements voluntarily. The stimulation takes place once a custom activity threshold has been reached. The motor response is improved and thus the correct execution of the movement is supported. Proprioceptive and sensory stimuli have a positive effect on movement control and the learning process.

The STIWELL® enables timely activation and therapeutic training of up to four different muscle groups. Various movements can be practised with a high repetition count. The therapy is based on the effects shown in scientific studies in the re-learning of functions and activities.

Added benefits of FES therapy

FES is already well-established in the rehabilitation of adults with central neurological damage (Foley et al. 2018; Winstein et al. 2016). In the meantime, this form of therapy is also used on a regular basis in children and adolescents to improve the function of the limbs. Positive effects of FES have been confirmed in young people (Chiu & Ada 2014), and the current is well tolerated even by the youngest (Bosques et al. 2016).

STIWELL® user stories

STIWELL® Neurorehabilitation | user story cerebral palsy

Lena's mother said:

"... She now uses her right hand more purposefully and actively when playing. Her upper arm muscles are now much firmer than before. She was also well able to use the acquired functions in the gymnastics class in kindergarten..."

Read more

Bosques, G., Martin, R., McGee, L., & Sadowsky, C. (2016). Does therapeutic electrical stimulation improve function in children with disabilities? A comprehensive literature review. Journal of pediatric rehabilitation medicine, 9(2), 83‑99.

Chiu, H. C., & Ada, L. (2014). Effect of functional electrical stimulation on activity in children with cerebral palsy: a systematic review. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 26(3), 283‑288.

Foley N, Mehta S, Jutai J, Staines E, Teasell R. Upper Extremity Interventions chapter 10. EBRSR Evidence-Based Review of Stroke Rehabilitation. Canadian Partnership for Stroke Recovery. Online:; 20.03.2018

Winstein, C. J., Stein, J., Arena, R., Bates, B., Cherney, L. R., Cramer, S. C., Deruyter, F., Eng, J. J., Fisher, B., Harvey, R. L., Lang, C. E., MacKay‑Lyons, M., Ottenbacher, K. J., Pugh, S., Reeves, M. J., Richards, L. G., Stiers, W. & Zorowitz R. D. (2016). Guidelines for adult stroke rehabilitation and recovery: a guideline for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke, 47(6), e98‑e169.