A herniated disc is a spinal disease in which the gelatinous mass exits the intervertebral disc. It is often noticed when the prolapsed material presses on the nerves (spinal nerve) causing pain in the back, radiating pain in the arms or legs, and symptoms of a paralysis (paresis). In most cases, back pain subsides after a few weeks with the help of analgesics. If there is a paresis, however, therapy (physiotherapy, occupational therapy, electrotherapy) should be started immediately. Particularly severe cases may even require surgery.
Hip arthrosis is a disease of the hip joint that causes cartilage to break down. A distinction is made between primary and secondary arthrosis. Hip arthrosis is caused by overloading, genetic predisposition, or age-related wear. It usually responds to conservative therapy (e.g. physiotherapy/electrotherapy). The hip joint only has to be replaced artificially at a very advanced stage.
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