According to WHO, stroke is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Secondary damage in stroke survivors can be very diverse, and can impair various body functions.
‘Time is brain’. In the event of an emergency, call emergency services immediately (Europe-wide number 112), perform the FAST test, and follow the instructions of the emergency services centre. It is crucial that the treatment is provided as soon as possible.
MS is an autoimmune disease. The symptoms vary depending on where the nerves are damaged. Common symptoms include muscle weakness (paresis), increased muscle tone (spasticity), coordination disorders, sensory disorders, and fatigue (tiredness/exhaustion).
The treatment is primarily pharmacological and is supported by rehabilitative procedures (physiotherapy and electrotherapy).
Traumatic brain injury is a damage to the brain caused by external trauma, such as a fall or an accident. Depending on the severity of the injury, a differentiation is made between a concussion, a cerebral contusion, and a brain compression.
The treatment and subsequent rehabilitation after a traumatic brain injury depend on the extent of the injury.
Tetraplegia is damage to the spinal cord, which may cause movement and sensation impairment as well as dysfunction of internal organs.
The treatment depends on the patient. Surgical and conservative procedures are possible. Consistent rehabilitative follow-up care is essential in any case to regain functions and avoid secondary complications.
Infantile cerebral palsy occurs when the brain of a child is damaged in the womb or in infancy. Symptoms include various movement disorders (such as spasticity, athetosis, or ataxia). Various concomitant symptoms may occur, depending on the location and extent of brain damage.
Regardless of the severity of symptoms, regular therapeutic care and specialist early intervention are recommended.
Facial nerve palsy is also called facial paralysis. The symptoms of mostly one-sided facial muscle paralysis include a drooping corner of the mouth, a drooping eyelid, and an immovable forehead. There is usually no facial numbness, but taste perception and/or glandular functions may well be impaired.
It is extremely important to treat long-standing facial nerve palsy (e.g. with speech therapy, electrotherapy).
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